Anthropometry. Anthropometric examinations consist of measurements and calculations of body mass index, size of waist and hip as well as body composition (fatty tissue, water, biomass).
Body MRI (tumours, fatty tissue). The technique used is âmagnetic resonance imagingâ (-> see MRI).
For screening of the complete body a magnetic resonance image can be assessed by the latest MRI scanner generation. It is used to search for pathoanatomic alterations (tumours), for fatty tissue accumulation in chest or waist or for degenerative changes of the musculoskeletal system.
Calcium Scoring and Non-Invasive Coronary Angiography. As a result of high resolution CT-scanner the heart can be examined comprehensively. Important, early detection of calcification of the coronary arteries is possible. With a minimum of intravenous contrast material it is also possible to examine the coronary arteries to detect luminal narrowings in an early stage. In many cases this avoids invasive coronary angiography.
CT / Multidetector Computed Tomography. Due to the latest generation of mulitdetector computed tomography scanners the body can be examined very rapidly in a rotating X-ray gantry. The data are analysed by two- and three-dimensional cross sections, respectively. This also allows a comprehensive examination of the coronary vessels without the need to use indwelling catheters.
Dementia marker. Special laboratory tests indicating early forms of dementia.
Duplex Sonography of the Carotid Arteries. Ultrasonic examination of brain supplying arteries: Important data consist of the so-called intima media thickness ratio of the carotid arteries as well as the determination of plaques and vascular constrictions which may trigger strokes.
Echocardiography. Cardiac ultrasound examination is performed by a high-end instrument and permits conclusions regarding function of the heart and heart valves. Doppler methods yield more precise data on blood flow, heart muscle velocities and strain.
Electrocardiogram (ECG). The recording of the electric waves of the heart (electrocardiogram) is a cardiological standard examination. It indicates previous cardiac infarctions, poor blood circulation or an abnormal hypertrophy of the heart. Cardiac arrhythmias can also be detected.
Ergospirometry including Electrocardiogram. Ergospirometry objectifies cardiopulmonary function by analysing the components of the respiratory gases. These data essentially help to generate an recommended fitness programme. The reliability of data is enhanced by analysis of lactic acid. Puncturing of one earlobe necessary.
H-Scan. The H-scan (AgeonÂ®-scan according to Hochschild) is a 10-function modality test that is performed to check vitality: acoustic and visual reactions, concentration, memory for numbers, associative and stereoscopic memory, audiometry, sense for vibrations, strength of both hands and visual acuity.
MRI / Magnetic Resonance Imaging. By means of rapidly changing magnetic fields protons are accelerated so that their reflection with different high-frequently waves depends on the tissue structure. By means of this technique brilliant section diagrams are produced. This method works without exposure to x-rays.
Papilloma Virus. It is a fact that the papilloma virus may cause cervical cancer. Since very recently a vaccination can prevent the cancer formation in young women.
PET/CT. This highly innovative diagnostic tool is a combination of two different imaging techniques:
- PET. Position Emission Tomography (PET) enables the visualization of metabolic processes in the body in three dimensions.
- CT. Computerised Tomography (CT) yields two or three dimension images of structures in the body by x-rays.
The linkage of PET-information (metabolism) and CT-information (structure) opens the opportunity to use the advantages of both techniques by just one examination.
Applications: PET/CT is undoubtly the most powerful instrument in early detection of caner. Cancer cells are easily detected by the high metabolic activity. So far however PET/CT is not yet used for preventive tumour screening but is only used when MRI-screening shows abnormalities. Other PET/CT applications are in the field of neurology (e.g. in Parkinsonâs and Alzheimerâs disease) and in the filed of cardiology (inflammatory abnormalities in the coronary arteries).
Pre-Check. Pre-check of the cardiovascular system bases on detailed data of the medical history and the most important laboratory data that have to be defined in advance.
Risk stratification is determined by the so called PROCAM Score. Depending on this score further examinations will then be defined.
PSA. The marker âprostate specific antigenâ may indicate prostate cancer. In this case further urological clarification is definitely indicated.
Psychometry. Questionnaire evaluation and computer-tests can reveal early types of cognitive disorders.
Pulmonary function. By measuring the respiratory function it becomes possible to determine whether e.g. narrowing of the airways or whether there is a disease of the pulmonary tissue.
Pulse Wave Analysis. By a non-invasive registration of the pulse wave courses, statements referring to the stiffness of the arteries can be made. Early types of atherosclerosis can thus be detected.
Screening Laboratory. The most important laboratory data are determined by co-operating with a central laboratory. The results are available at the final meeting on the day of examination.
Vascular MRI. The technique used is âmagnetic resonance imagingâ (see MRI).
By intravenously applying a contrast medium, it is possible to image the entire vascular system to search for narrowings or other deformities.
Virtual Coloscopy. With high-resolution computed tomography and refused data processing the intestinal area can be reconstructed in a way that the viewer gets the impression of passing through the bowel to detect e.g. tumours. In some cases, e.g. if certain angular views are difficult to obtain, CT may be more revealing than endoscopy. This is valid especially for so called adenoids (âfungoidâ protuberances) that can be detected with high precision. Adenoids are often forerunners of colon cancer. Fundamentally, virtual coloscopy is also possible by (->) MRI without exposure to radiation. However the diagnostic precision is remarkably lower.